Undergraduate Catalog 2018-19 
    
    Sep 26, 2020  
Undergraduate Catalog 2018-19 [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Course Descriptions


 

Art

Other relevant courses may be found under Art History.

  
  •  

    ART 2710 - Special Topics

    3 cr
    Courses may be offered from time to time presenting particular areas for consideration on an advanced level. Topics may include recent art criticism, art historical issues and philosophical and aesthetic concerns of the artist in the studio.
    Lecture, seminar.
    Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
  
  •  

    ART 2910 - Independent Study

    1-3 cr
    Available by arrangement with any art faculty member. A written proposal must be approved by the instructor and the department chair prior to registration.
    Signed contract required at time of registration.
    Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
    Every semester
  
  •  

    ART 3011 - Drawing III

    3 cr
    Advanced theory and practice of drawing. Examination of ideas and techniques in all drawing media through studio, lecture, critique. Focus is on individual development. Students may take a second semester for credit.
    This course counts towards the Aesthetic Understanding Frame of Reference.
    Prerequisite: ART 2012  or consent of instructor.
    May have studio fees.
    Every semester
  
  •  

    ART 3015 - Open Studio

    3 cr
    This course is an exploration of ideas, materials and techniques for intermediate and advanced students in painting, printmaking and digital, hybrid or analog photography. Other media may be considered in consultation with the instructor. Conceptual, aesthetic and critical issues will be addressed in the context of contemporary art and current studio practice. Open to majors, minors and non-majors.
    Repeatable for credit
    Prerequisite: ART 2211  or ART 2311  or ART 2301  
    Fee $50
    Periodically
  
  •  

    ART 3110 - Children’s Book Illustration

    3 cr
    This course deals with the development of narrative imagery, pictorial illusion and space, and their combined potential for communication. Emphasis will be placed on children’s book illustration and on approaches to problem-solving and self-expression through a variety of materials and techniques. The history of illustration will be addressed and major trends and artists will be considered.
    A studio fee may be required.
    Periodically
  
  •  

    ART 3113 - Painting III

    3 cr
    A studio course emphasizing the development of intellectual and technical facility through research and experimentation in painting. Objectives of the course include developing a working process to build personal imagery and relating that imagery to historical, formal and technical ideas. Students are encouraged to investigate contemporary thought in art, literature, philosophy, science and other fields. Students may take a second semester for credit.
    This course counts towards the Aesthetic Understanding Frame of Reference.
    Prerequisite: ART 2212  or consent of instructor.
    May have studio fees.
    Every semester
  
  •  

    ART 3130 - Motion Graphics and Animation

    3 cr
    This course will introduce the study and application of the basic technical and aesthetic components of motion design.  Using industry standard time-based media software, students learn animation principles ans skills as applied to a variety of media on computer and video screens.  Topics include character animation, animation layering, motion logo development, and motion typography.
    Prerequisite: ART 2221  or COM 2221  
    Fee $50
    Fall
  
  •  

    ART 3131 - Professional Studio Arts I

    3 cr
    A studio/critique course for those seriously involved in any visual art medium. Goals of the course include the development of visual, verbal and conceptual skills necessary for long-range involvement in art. Fulfills program requirements for art majors only. Students may take a second semester for credit.
    Prerequisite: Junior status. Graded only.

    Every semester
  
  •  

    ART 3150 - Art Education: Contemporary Issues and Practice

    3 cr
    This course provides an analysis of current philosophies, theories, and practices in art and education at all levels of instruction. The course revolves around examining appropriate curriculum content, pedagogical approaches and human relations in diverse contemporary classrooms. The class will include lecture, discussions, and hands-on activities in a variety of media relating to state and national standards.
    Fall, even years
  
  •  

    ART 3215 - Ceramics in the Southwest

    3 cr
    An introduction to the techniques and practices of creating art with clay.  Hand building processes will be thoroughly explored:  coil building, slab, pinch and combined techniques.  Basic wheel work will be introduced including throwing and trimming.  Several firing processes will be explored.  Students will examine works of contemporary, historical, and ancient clay artists of the Southwest. 
    This course meets the Aesthetic Understanding frame of reference.
    Course fee $100
    This course is offered only as part of the Santa Fe semester.
  
  •  

    ART 3221 - Graphic Design III: Visual Branding

    3 cr
    Cross-listed with COM 3221  
    This course teaches the development of visual branding, a system for communicating an organization's unique story.  Students will pursue both project based and holistic approaches to visual research and information gathering, concept generation, design, and implementation.  Students will gain an understanding of the history of logos, iconography, wordmarks, typography, and vision books.
    Prerequisite:   
    Fee $50
  
  •  

    ART 3253 - Sculpture III

    3 cr
    A studio course stressing further exploration of the sculptural process. Students may work in abstract, figurative experimental modes. Emphasis is on individual development and the attainment of a person direction.
    This course counts towards the Aesthetic Understanding Frame of Reference.
    Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
    A studio fee may be required.
    Every semester
  
  •  

    ART 3303 - Photography III

    3 cr
    The course emphasizes the development of theoretical and conceptual bases for long-range involvement in photography. Black and white analog or digital photographic processes may be employed.
    This course counts towards the Aesthetic Understanding Frame of Reference.
    Prerequisite: ART 2302  or consent of instructor.
    May have studio fees.
    Spring
  
  •  

    ART 3313 - Printmaking III

    3 cr
    An advanced studio for those with a working knowledge of printmaking processes. Emphasis is on the extension and refinement of individual expression and technique.
    This course counts towards the Aesthetic Understanding Frame of Reference.
    Prerequisite: ART 2312  or consent of instructor.
    May have studio fees.
    Every semester
  
  •  

    ART 3810 - Internship in Art

    1-12 cr
    The student assumes a position of responsibility in a professional context (graphic design agency, art museum or other related organization). The internship is designed to meet the needs of students and to connect work experience to academic coursework. It is directed by an on-site supervisor and a faculty member.
    Signed contract required at the time of registration.
    Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
  
  •  

    ART 3910 - Independent Study

    1-3 cr
    Available by arrangement with any art faculty member. A written proposal must be approved by the instructor and the department chair prior to registration.
    Signed contract required at time of registration.
    Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
  
  •  

    ART 4011 - Drawing IV

    3 cr
    Drawing as an art form with emphasis on disciplined draftsmanship and the development of the students' ability to work at a conceptually advanced level. Students may take a second semester for credit.
    This course counts towards the Aesthetic Understanding Frame of Reference.
    Prerequisite: ART 3011  or consent of instructor.
    May have studio fees.
    Every semester
  
  •  

    ART 4015 - Open Studio

    3 cr
    This course is an exploration of ideas, materials and techniques for intermediate and advanced students in painting, printmaking and digital, hybrid or analog photography. Other media may be considered in consultation with the instructor. Conceptual, aesthetic and critical issues will be addressed in the context of contemporary art and current studio practice. Open to majors, minors and non-majors.
    Repeatable for credit
    Prerequisite: ART 2211  or ART 2311   or ART 2301  
    Fee $50
    Periodically
  
  •  

    ART 4114 - Painting IV

    3 cr
    Studio experience with an emphasis on excellence in painting and the development of the students' ability to work at a conceptually advanced level. Students may take a second semester for credit.
    This course counts towards the Aesthetic Understanding Frame of Reference.
    Prerequisite: ART 3113  or consent of instructor.
    May have studio fees.
    Every semester
  
  •  

    ART 4133 - Professional Studio Arts II

    3 cr
    A studio/critique course for those seriously involved in any visual art medium. Goals of the course include the development of visual, verbal and conceptual skills necessary for long-range involvement in art. Fulfills program requirements for art majors only. Students may take a second semester for credit.
    Prerequisite: Senior status.
    Every semester
  
  •  

    ART 4222 - Graphic Design IV: Internet Applications-Screen & Responsive Design

    3 cr
    Cross-listed as COM 4222  
    Students will explore the Web and mobile apps as communication media with emphasis on visual design, effective communication and user interaction, using both design and functionality tools.  They will also consider the historical development of graphics and interface tools in electronic devices and networks.
    Prerequisite:   
    Fee $50
  
  •  

    ART 4254 - Sculpture IV

    3 cr
    A studio experience in three dimensional form emphasizing the development of advanced conceptual ability as well as expressive and technical skills. Contemporary art practice, theory and criticism will be considered.
    Prerequisite: ART 3253  or consent of instructor.
    May have studio fees.
    Every semester
  
  •  

    ART 4304 - Photography IV

    3 cr
    In this intensive investigation of photographic form, the student applies critical and technical skills as he or she defines a personal direction in his or her work. The course addresses historical issues and contemporary criticism. Included are master printing in black and white analog form, digital scanning and fine printing, the zone system, medium- and large-format cameras and experimental or alternative processes.
    Prerequisite: ART 3303  or consent of instructor.
    May have studio fees.
    Spring
  
  •  

    ART 4314 - Printmaking IV

    3 cr
    The refinement of technical skills and the use of printmaking as a vehicle for personal expression are emphasized. Conceptual, aesthetic and critical issues will be considered.
    Prerequisite: ART 3313  or consent of instructor.
    May have studio fees.
    Every semester
  
  •  

    ART 4850 - Portfolio Preparation and Evaluation

    3 cr
    Senior Portfolio is a capstone course for Graphic Design students, created to help their transition into the professional world.  Students are expected to create a professional quality portfolio, with a body of work that exemplifies competence in technical skills and production.
    Prerequisite: Complete graphic design program.
    A studio fee may be required.
  
  •  

    ART 4910 - Independent Study

    1-3 cr
    Available by arrangement with art faculty member. A written proposal must be approved by the instructor and the department chair prior to registration.
    Signed contract required at time of registration.
    Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
  
  •  

    ART 4920 - Senior Exhibition/Presentation

    1 cr
    Senior art majors who chose painting, printmaking, photography, graphic design or sculpture as their field of concentration are required to mount an exhibition of their work. Majors who elect art history as their chosen field are required to make a public presentation based on their intermediate and advanced coursework in art history. Exhibitions and presentations will be evaluated by art faculty.
    Prerequisite: Fulfillment of all other requirements for art majors.

Biology

Other relevant courses may be found under Allied Health Sciences and Chemistry.

  
  •  

    BIO 1010 - Human Biology and Laboratory

    4 cr
    A one-semester course intended for non-science majors that provides an overview of human biology. All major organ systems will be covered, with an emphasis on their interactions, their importance in maintaining health, and the effects of disease and injury. May not be taken for biology credit by BS.BIO majors.
    Lecture and lab
    Social Work major or consent of instructor.
    This course fulfills the Scientific and Mathematical Understanding Frame of Reference.
    Lab fee $50.
    Fall, odd years
  
  •  

    BIO 1015 - Plants and People

    1 cr
    This is a one credit course for non-science majors that explores the biology, human use, human history and current issues around economically important plants.
    This course fulfills the Scientific and Mathematical frame of reference.
    Spring
  
  •  

    BIO 1030 - Introduction to Nutrition

    3 cr
    An introduction to the science of nutrition and the scientific bases for the evaluation of diets. The role of nutrition in health, disease, and aging is emphasized.
    This course fulfills a Scientific and Mathematical Understanding Frame of Reference.
  
  •  

    BIO 1070 - Biological Illustration

    3 cr
    The course is designed to expose the student to three techniques: (1) pen and ink illustration done with technical illustrating pens; (2) carbon dust, a soft technique used to create half-tone illustrations with carbon pencil dust; and (3) colored pencil, using Prisma colored pencils on drafting film or Bristol board, producing beautiful and vibrant illustrations. This course is geared towards students with little or no drawing experience and helps them gain a new sense of artistic accomplishment as well as a heightened ability to accurately observe nature.
    This course counts as an Aesthetic Understanding or Scientific and Mathematical Understanding Frame or Reference.
    Lab Fee $50
    Spring
  
  •  

    BIO 1121 - Biology I

    4 cr
    A comprehensive introduction to biology focused on the molecular, cellular, and organismal level.  The course provides an introduction to all areas of biology.
    Lecture and lab.
    Prerequisite: One year of high school biology and chemistry.
    Lab fee $50
    Fall
  
  •  

    BIO 1122 - Biology II

    4 cr
    A continuation of BIO 1121  Biology I, with particular emphasis on organisms, ecosystems, and evolution.
    Lecture and lab.
    Lab fee $50
    Spring
  
  •  

    BIO 1160 - Flora of Vermont

    3-4 cr
    An inquiry-based field course devoted to the study of local natural history. We will explore the biology and taxonomy of plants, as well as investigate Vermont's ecological communities.  Field trips to off-campus locations and hikes on rugged terrain are required.
    This course fulfills the Scientific and Mathematical Understanding Frame of Reference.
    Materials fee $50.
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BIO 1170 - Exploring Habitats through Art and Ecology

    4 cr
    This course combines art and ecology in the exploration of a unique habitat by traveling and spending a week immersed in the study of plants, animals, and culture of a selected region. The habitat selected may change depending on the offering but may include coral reefs, rainforests, or deserts. Students become naturalists and explore the species and interactions within various ecosystems. By sketching and painting their observations, students develop a sense of the scientific complexities that create these beautiful ecosystems and express the marvels of nature through journals, artwork, and research projects. Students also foster their ability to observe, inquire, and learn in these natural surroundings.
    Fee variable, approximately $1,700.
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BIO 1270 - Horticulture of Medicinal Plants

    3 cr
    Introduction to basic gardening techniques, plant growth and propagation, plant identification, and greenhouse management. Emphasis will be on growing medicinal plants and vegetables with significant health benefits. Work will be done primarily in the greenhouse, medicinal plant gardens and lab. Research is required on individual projects. Course content and projects will vary with season.
    Lecture, Lab and Field Work.
    This course fulfills the Scientific and Mathematical Understanding Frame of Reference.
    Lab Fee $50.
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BIO 1310 - Explorations in Biology

    1 cr
    These are lecture, lab or seminar courses on selected, introductory-level topics in the biological sciences, especially those of interest to non-science majors. The topic for each course will be announced prior to the semester of offering, and the course may be taken more than once for credit. No more than two credits of BIO 1310 may be used to satisfy the minimum biology requirements for BS.BIO and BS.ENV majors.
    This course fulfills the Scientific and Mathematical Understanding Frame of Reference.
  
  •  

    BIO 1320 - Tropical Diversity

    4 cr
    The tropics worldwide contain over two-thirds of the earth's organisms, but these ecosystems are some of the most imperiled on the planet. In this course students investigate the interdependence of all living things and the complexity of ecological patterns in tropical regions. In addition to class work, we explore the ecology, evolution, and natural history of a tropical location during a weeklong field trip. We examine how local conservation efforts affect the long-term sustainability of these regions and discover the interconnectedness of tropical and temperate ecosystems.
    This course fulfills the Scientific and Mathematical Understanding Frame of Reference.
    Fee variable, approximately $1,700.
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BIO 2010 - Cell and Molecular Biology

    4 cr
    This course provides science majors with the fundamentals of cell and molecular biology. Students study the basics of molecular biology, the flow of genetic information through the cell, its structure, function, metabolism, and regulation. The lab portion of the course will focus on mastery of standard cell and molecular biology techniques while exploring course concepts.  This course is intended for science majors and minors only and will not satisfy the Scientific and Mathematical Understanding frame of reference.
    Lecture and Lab
    Prerequisite: Completion of BIO 1121  and CHE 1041  or CHE 1051  with a "C" or better.
    Lab fee $50
    Spring
  
  •  

    BIO 2011 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I

    4 cr
    An investigation of the structure and function of the human body in health and disease. Topics include: the cell, cellular metabolism, tissues, integument, skeletal system, articulations, and muscular and nervous systems.
    Lecture and lab.
    This course fulfills the Scientific and Mathematical Understanding Frame of Reference.
    Prerequisite: Nursing, Physical Education, Natural Science, Psychology or Social Work major or consent of instructor. Previous experience in biology and chemistry (high school or college) is highly recommended.
    Lab fee $50.
    Fall
  
  •  

    BIO 2012 - Human Anatomy and Physiology II

    4 cr
    A continuation of BIO 2011 . Topics include the endocrine, digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, lymphatic, urinary and reproductive systems.
    Lecture and lab.
    This course fulfills the Scientific and Mathematical Understanding Frame of Reference.
    Prerequisite: BIO 2011  or consent of instructor.
    Lab fee $50.
    Spring
  
  •  

    BIO 2035 - Animal Diversity and Evolution

    4 cr
    In this course students will investigate the form, function, and ecology of animals from an evolutionary perspective.  Fundamental life processes will be considered at the cellular, organismal, population, and ecosystem levels that connect with issues relating to biodiversity and conservation biology.  Two Saturday field trips are required.
    Lecture and lab
    This course fulfills the Scientific and Mathematical Understanding Frame of Reference.
    Lab fee $50
    Spring, odd years
  
  •  

    BIO 2045 - Small World: Crowdsourcing Antibiotic Discovery

    4 cr


    This course is a partnership with the Small World Initiative, a unique course designed to ignite students' interest in biology by introducing them to hands-on research integrated with learning core biology concepts. The student-driven research project provides a fun and engaging opportunity to make your own scientific discoveries in a community of peers with close contact with expert instructors. Students spend the semester: a) discovering antibiotic-producing bacteria from soil sources, b) characterizing their producers, c) extracting secondary metabolites, and d) contributing their findings to a database shared by a global network of student researchers.

     
    Prerequisite: BIO 1121  and permission of instructor
    Lab fee $50
    Spring

  
  •  

    BIO 2125 - Fundamentals of Microbiology

    4 cr
    A study of the cellular structure and function of microorganisms, principally bacteria. The physiology, genetics, and interactions of bacteria with higher forms of life and the environment will be covered. The required laboratory will provide students with an understanding and practical knowledge of aseptic techniques and other common microbiology methods.
    Prerequisite: BIO 1121  and  BIO 1122  , or BIO 2011  and BIO 2012 .
    Lab fee $50
    Every Semester
  
  •  

    BIO 2510 - Biology Laboratory Teaching Assistant

    1 cr
    The student will assist the laboratory instructor with lab preparation and clean-up, will assist students in the laboratory, and may be asked to maintain a journal or complete some other form of reflective writing. May be taken more than once for credit.
    Prerequisite: Student must have passed the course for which they will be a TA with a grade point of “B” or better and instructor’s recommendation.
  
  •  

    BIO 2810 - Internship in Biology

    1-12 cr
    Signed contract required at time of registration.
  
  •  

    BIO 3013 - Biogeochemistry

    4 cr
    This unique but very relevant course will focus on the study of chemical, physical, geological and biological processes that make up the natural environment.  Small-scale processes are addressed that are important in the cycling of elements in our global system.  Students will learn and understand the specific interactions of chemicals with living organisms which directly impact the global ecosystem.  Discussions will also focus on how climate change affects these processes.
    Prerequisite:   BIO 1121  , BIO 2010 , and CHE 1042  or CHE 1052   with grades of "C" or better.
    Fall, even years.
  
  •  

    BIO 3030 - Ecology of Water

    3 cr
    In this course we will investigate the ecology of the earth's most perfect liquid - water.  The impact of large dams, ground water pumping, hydro-fracking, irrigation, and water diversions on the environment, biodiversity, and humanity will be investigated.
    A minimum of junior standing.
    Prerequisite:  BIO 1121  and BIO 1122  or permission of instructor.
    Spring, odd years
  
  •  

    BIO 3060 - Ecology

    4 cr
    A study of the interrelationships between plants, animals, microorganisms and their abiotic environment. Problems in experimental design and ecological analysis will be explored. Some Saturday field trips are planned. Field trips to primitive areas are required.
    Lecture and lab.
    Prerequisite: BIO 1121 , BIO 1122 , and CHE 1041  or CHE 1051  with grades of "C" or higher.
    Lab fee $50.
    Fall
  
  •  

    BIO 3065 - Plant Ecology

    4 cr
    This course covers the major concepts in plant community, population, physiological and evolutionary ecology through lecture, discussion and active field and laboratory activities. One or more field trips are planned.
    Prerequisite: BIO 1121 , BIO 1122 , and CHE 1041  or CHE 1051  with grades of C or higher.
    Lab fee $50.
    Fall, even years
  
  •  

    BIO 3070 - Genetics

    4 cr
    A survey of the major fields of genetics with a focus on modern molecular genetics and genetic technologies.  A weekly discussion and exploration period examines problem-solving strategies and hand-on applications of modern genetic technologies.
    Prerequisite: BIO 2010  (may be taken concurrently) or BIO 2125 , and CHE 1041  or CHE 1051 . 
    Spring
  
  •  

    BIO 3090 - Virology

    3 cr
    Students successfully completing this course will understand the history of virology and the techniques used to study viruses. In addition, students will gain an understanding of the biology and lifestyles of different families of viruses and the diseases they cause. This course also includes emerging viruses and examines the potential global impact of viral infection.
    Prerequisite: "C" or better in  BIO 2010 , and CHE 1041  or CHE 1051  or consent of instructor.
    Spring, odd years.
  
  •  

    BIO 3151 - Physiology of Exercise

    4 cr
    (Cross listed with AHS 3150 .)
    An examination of the acute and chronic physiological responses to exercise. Muscle, renal, endocrine and environmental physiology, energy metabolism, and cardiovascular function in response to exercise training will be emphasized and applied to laboratory activities.
    Prerequisite: BIO 2011  and BIO 2012 .
    Fee $50.
    Every semester
  
  •  

    BIO 3160 - Animal Behavior

    4 cr
    This course examines the behavior of animals as they interact with each other and the environment.  Topics include anti-predator behavior, foraging behavior, territoriality, social interactions, communication, and migration.  The goal of the course is to learn to think critically about animal behavior by understanding behavior on both the proximate (genetics, development and response to external stimuli) and ultimate (evolutionary) levels.  In the laboratory, groups of students will design, carry out, and report on an independent research project.
    Prerequisite: BIO 1121  and  BIO 1122  with grades of "C" or better.
    Fee $50
    Spring
  
  •  

    BIO 3210 - Developmental Biology

    4 cr
    This course is an examination of the patterns of animal development, including the production of sex cells, fertilization, and the growth and maturation of the embryo. The relationship between development and the evolution of species will be considered. Students will explore embryological development in a variety of animals, including normal and abnormal human development.
    Lecture and lab.
    Prerequisite: BIO 1121  and BIO 1122 , or BIO 2011   and BIO 2012  (BIO 2012  may be taken concurrently).
    Lab fee $50.
    Spring, even years
  
  •  

    BIO 3240 - Advanced Human Physiology

    3 cr
    This course will examine selected aspects of human physiology in health and disease, including the activity of nerves and muscles, circulation, respiration, metabolism, and water and electrolyte balance. Intended for students who have completed the Human Anatomy and Physiology sequence and wish to explore these topics in more detail.
    Prerequisite: BIO 2011 , BIO 2012 , and previous or concurrent enrollment in CHE 1041 , or CHE 1051 .
    Fall, even years
  
  •  

    BIO 3350 - Natural History of the Mojave Desert

    4 cr
    Deserts contain diverse, fascinating, and unique life forms.  The open desert landscapes result in outstanding exposure allowing for the study of ancient and modern geological processes and features including volcanoes, sand dunes, and dry lakes.  Natural History of the Mojave explores biological and geological aspects of the Mojave desert in California.  Topics include the biogeography of plant species, plant and animal adaptations to desert climates and habitats, and the geological forces that shape and maintain those habitats.  The course includes a field trip to primitive areas of the Mojave Desert where hiking on rugged terrain is required.  The field trip occurs in the week following commencement and the laboratory fee covers all travel, food, and lodging costs.
    Prerequisite: Eight credits of BIO or GEY with grades of "C" or better and permission of instructor.
    Dependent on current travel costs, expected to be between $1000 and $1500.
    Spring, odd years
  
  •  

    BIO 3810 - Internship In Biology

    1-12 cr
    Signed contract required at time of registration.
  
  •  

    BIO 4030 - Evolution

    4 cr
    This course is a survey of evolutionary processes with an emphasis on natural selection. The class provides a background that allows students to understand the origin and maintenance of biodiversity and to be able to apply abstract evolutionary concepts to a wide range of organisms.  This course will cover current theory in evolution as well as the history of the evolutionary concept and its impacts on society.  The discussion period focuses on interesting and important readings in evolutionary biology.
    Prerequisite: 'C' or better in BIO 1121 BIO 1122 , BIO 3070  and BIO 3060  or BIO 3065 .
    Fall
  
  •  

    BIO 4035 - Advanced Molecular Biology

    4 cr
    This course provides an exploration of fundamental molecular biology, genetic, and biochemical concepts.  Students will participate in lengthy research projects involving current lab techniques in these fields.
    Lecture and lab.
    Prerequisite: Completion of BIO 2010 , BIO 2125 , BIO 3070 , and CHE 1042  or CHE 1052  with grades of C or higher.
    Lab fee $50
    Fall, odd years
  
  •  

    BIO 4250 - Ecotoxicology

    3 cr
    An investigation of the effects of pollutants in ecosystems. Student will explore how contaminants (e.g., pesticides, industrial discharges, toxic wastes, etc.) play a critical role in biotic and abiotic relationships and, ultimately, biodiversity. Students will confront toxicological problems by reviewing case studies and current research, as well as by examining the social, political, and ecological aspects of each issue.
    A minimum of junior standing.
     
    Prerequisite: BIO 3060  or BIO 3065  and CHE 1042  or CHE 1052 .
    Spring, even years
  
  •  

    BIO 4260 - Field Techniques and Current Topics in Wildlife Biology

    3 cr
    This course is targeted for undergraduate students majoring in wildlife biology, zoology, forestry, or other natural resource programs in the Northeastern U.S., especially those from programs lacking intense field-based courses, but graduate students are also welcome. The course is intended to provide students with practical, hands-on training in the tools and techniques of field biology and allow them to apply those skills in a variety of exercises. Students will summarize data from small group projects and present results to the large group and instructors. Practicing biologists from across the region will be engaged as guest instructors for certain workshops and will be invited to lead discussion sessions on current wildlife management issues and lead field trips to demonstrate wildlife and habitat management practices on the ground.
    Prerequisite: BIO 1141  and BIO 3060 , or permission of instructor.
    Approximately $850
    Summer
  
  •  

    BIO 4360 - Immunology

    3 cr
    This course will explore the purpose and basis of the human immune system. We will investigate the function and nature of immune responses and gain an understanding of the mechanisms of protection against specific pathogens.
    Prerequisite: BIO 2010 BIO 2125   and CHE 1041  or CHE 1051  with grades of C or higher.
    Spring, even years
  
  •  

    BIO 4710 - Special Topics in Biology

    1-2 cr
    These are lecture or seminar courses on selected, advanced topics in various areas of biology. The topic for each course will be announced prior to the semester of offering, and the course may be taken more than once for credit.
    Prerequisite: Will vary with topic.
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BIO 4810 - Internship in Biology

    1-12 cr
    Signed contract required at time of registration.
  
  •  

    BIO 4930 - Research Project

    1-6 cr
    The student must initiate an application with a written proposal to the instructor with whom the student wishes to work. The number of credits to be earned must be stated. The original proposal, signed by the student and the instructor, must be submitted to the department chair for approval. This process must be completed prior to registration for the semester in which credit is to be earned. Signed contract required at time of registration.
    Prerequisite: At least 16 prior credits in BIO, CHE, GEY, or PHY.

Business Administration

Other relevant courses may be found under Accounting or Computer Information Systems 

  
  •  

    BUS 1270 - Principles of Computer-Based Information Systems

    3 cr
    An introduction to the devices and techniques used in the processing of data. This course includes hands-on use of word processing and spreadsheet programs and the internet.  This course fulfills the Gen Ed computing requirement.
    Materials charge $20.
    Every semester
  
  •  

    BUS 2020 - Principles of Management

    3 cr
    This course in an introduction to the philosophy, principles, and techniques of management. Students will examine classical, modern, and emerging concepts as they relate to today’s manager and the functional processes of planning, organizing, directing and controlling resources. Learning experiences may include case studies, team experiences and simulations.
    Prerequisite: BUS 1270 .
    Every semester
  
  •  

    BUS 2035 - Content Marketing and Professional Networking

    3 cr


    Social Media is changing the way organizations interact with consumers, business partners, and their supply chain.  The Content Marketing approach includes marketing strategies, context of the customer decision process, and development of a professional network.  Content transfers the organization's values, culture, ethics, differentiation, and positioning to the target market through written word, pictures, videos, podcasts, and infographics.

    This course counts towards the Social & Behavioral Frame of Reference.
    Periodically

  
  •  

    BUS 2130 - Insurance and Risk Management

    3 cr
    General coverage of various types of insurance including the topics: life, accident and health, automobile, fire, residence, and personal liability. Also including the concept of risk and the tools and techniques used by a risk manager.
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BUS 2140 - Personal Finance

    3 cr
    A study of the tools used in personal financial planning. The student is introduced to the process used by professional planners and shown how this can be helpful in planning their own financial futures.
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BUS 2230 - Principles of Marketing

    3 cr
    This course introduces the role of marketing as it relates to manufacturing, wholesale, retail, and service businesses. Topics include product development, pricing decisions, promotional consideration, and distribution options of both goods and services. Students will also examine the emerging role of electronic marketing, and its impact on today’s businesses.
    Prerequisite: BUS 1270 .
    Every semester
  
  •  

    BUS 2320 - Selling Fundamentals and Strategies

    3 cr
    A study of the process, strategies, and best-practice techniques for successfully selling to businesses and consumers.  Students will apply what they learn in a simulated sales presentation to a team of buyers.  This knowledge is also valuable to those who will sell new business concepts within an organization or to potential outside investors.
    Prerequisite: BUS 2230 .
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BUS 2370 - Business Communications

    3 cr
    The student practices the writing skills required for a successful career in business. Special attention is given to writing letters, memoranda, reports, and resumes. This course provides fundamental skills necessary for the student’s successful completion of future business courses.
    Restrictions: Business Administration majors and minors, Computer Information Systems majors, and Writing minors (English) only
    Prerequisite: ENG 1061 
  
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    BUS 2460 - Worksheets as Analysis Tools

    3 cr
    This course will focus on using the power of spreadsheets to assist in the analysis of cases in various areas of business. Excel’s data management, menu-building, and macro capabilities will be explored. Good template design will be emphasized. The class will then build templates to analyze problems in areas of finance, accounting, marketing, and management. Therefore, it is suggested that students have some background in at least two of these areas.
    Prerequisite: BUS 1270 .
    Materials charge $20.
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BUS 2550 - Business Statistics and Analytics

    4 cr
    Course descriptions are to develop statistical methods and to utilize these methods to make appropriate decisions regarding actual business problems.  Topics of study are statistical description, central tendency, discrete and continuous distributions, probability and sampling theory, statistical inference and hypothesis testing.  Parametric and nonparametric statistical tests will be examined, including t-tests, Chi-square, and ANOVA.  Additional topics include regression, time series analysis and applications in business forecating.  This course has a business focus, but is appropriate for any student.
    Prerequisite: Computer competency, BUS 1270  or comparable course, and appropriate math placement.
    Every semester
  
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    BUS 2810 - Internship in Business

    1-12 cr
    Students must meet with their Accounting, Business, or Computer Information Systems advisor to initiate the internship process.  The Business Administration internship contract will be started at the initial meeting and completed through subsequent meetings with the advisor.  In addition, students must register for the internship prior to starting the internship; and a signed internship contract is required for registration.  Not open to first-year students.
    Signed contract required at time of registration.
  
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    BUS 2910 - Independent Study

    1-3 cr
    Hours by arrangement.
    Signed contract required at time of registration.
    Prerequisite: Consent of department chair.
  
  •  

    BUS 3035 - Case Studies in Business Administration

    3 cr
    A continuation of core business courses (ACC 2101 , BUS 2020 , and BUS 2230 ) with further development of principles. The course objective is to apply accounting, management, and marketing principles to case studies with the student assuming the role of a manager to solve problems or challenges. Particular emphasis is placed upon writing cases analyses.
    Restrictions: Must be taken prior to BUS 4080 .
    Prerequisite: ACC 2101 , BUS 2020 , BUS 2230  
    Fee $20
    Every semester
  
  •  

    BUS 3060 - Consumer Behavior

    3 cr
    This course examined the behavior of the consumer in the marketplace. Topics include individual and group buying behavior, motivation, personality, attitudes, lifestyles, and their effects on purchasing behavior.
    Prerequisite: BUS 2230 .
    Fall
  
  •  

    BUS 3131 - Business Law I

    3 cr
    An introductory course to provide a knowledge and awareness of the scope and terminology of the American legal system as it pertains to business organizations. Topics emphasized may include criminal law, tort law, forms of doing business, law of contracts, sales, real and personal property law, negotiable instruments, Uniform Commercial Code, and agency relationships.
    Prerequisite: BUS 2020  
    Every semester
  
  •  

    BUS 3132 - Business Law II

    3 cr
    A continuation of Business Law I. Topics relating to business organizations not covered in Business Law I will be discussed.
    Prerequisite: BUS 3131 .
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BUS 3140 - Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management

    3 cr
    Students study the essentials of starting and managing a small business, including but not limited to: raising capital, location analysis, preparation of financial projections, alternate legal structures, attracting and maintaining customers and employees, and complying with laws and regulations. The course culminates with the preparation and presentation of a comprehensive business plan.
    Prerequisite: ACC 2101 , BUS 2020 , BUS 2230 .
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BUS 3170 - Retail Management

    3 cr
    This course provides the basis for understanding the exciting world of retail management. Topics include retail strategy, store location, buying merchandise, assortment planning, inventory management, retail selling, customer service and store layout. Emphasis is placed on the application of theory to real world management problems.
    Prerequisite: Completion of, or concurrent enrollment in, BUS 3230 .
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BUS 3210 - Advertising

    3 cr
    A comprehensive look at the promotional process including media analysis and selection, dealing with the creative functions and production processes, measuring promotional effectiveness, and developing a comprehensive advertising strategy. Central to the course is the development of an advertising plan and campaign.
    Prerequisite: BUS 2230 .
    Spring
  
  •  

    BUS 3230 - Financial Management

    3 cr
    This course covers the principles of how business enterprises refinance; general methods and basic tools of financial management and control, utilization, disposition of funds.
    Prerequisite: ACC 2101  
    Every semester
  
  •  

    BUS 3240 - International Business

    3 cr
    The course perspective is that of the manager whose business is global and now must work with institutions, trade and exchange policies that reflect social systems of nation-states. The course will introduce the most important activities in international business.
    Prerequisite: ECO 2040, ECO 2050.
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BUS 3245 - Global Marketing

    3 cr
    This course will introduce the students to the opportunities and barriers that come into play for firms that develop global marketing strategies. Students will read and discuss how firms of all sizes may adapt their marketing practices to account for global consumer preferences, trade practices, and government policies in a post 9/11 world of terrorism worries, and vague and shifting alliances. We will learn about the various cultures of the world, while we explore how they impact business and life in general. Many actual cases of successful, and unsuccessful, global marketing efforts will be considered.
    This course fulfills the World Views Frame of Reference.
    Prerequisite: BUS 2230   
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BUS 3250 - Organizational Development and Behavior

    3 cr
    Field and organization of personnel function; selecting and training employees; wages and wage administration; problems of morale; human relations in supervision.
    Prerequisite: BUS 2020  or consent of instructor.
    Fall
  
  •  

    BUS 3260 - Investments and Portfolio Management

    3 cr
    A study of investments in stocks, bonds, governments, warrants, options, futures and collectibles. An objective of the course is to provide hands-on investing experience through student portfolio management.
    Prerequisite: ACC 2101 & BUS 3230.
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BUS 3270 - Data-Driven Marketing

    3 cr
    Students will learn the latest analytical techniques to help maximize ROMI (Return on Marketing Investment).  Data-Driven Marketing provides comprehensive coverage of what works and what makes the difference in this important, yet misunderstood area.  Students will develop a systematic framework for strategic measurement of key marketing metrics such as ROMI and Customer Lifetime Value.  Topics include: introduction to DDM and marketing metrics, non-financial metrics for marketing campaigns, financial return on marketing investment (ROMI), internet marketing metrics and optimization, data mining and segmentation, and data-driven strategy.
    Prerequisite: BUS 2230  
    Fall, odd years
  
  •  

    BUS 3272 - Social Media Marketing

    3 cr
    Facebook®, Twitter, LinkedIn®, and YouTube™ have changed the way consumers communicate today and businesses must be a part of this social discussion or risk losing significant marketing opportunities. This course lays the conceptual foundation and practical approach to developing successful social media marketing plans while achieving desired marketing goals. The most productive marketing tactics for each type of major social media platform are examined in depth. A significant portion of the course will be devoted to hands-on development and discovery of social media tools.  Students must be willing to work as a social team collaborating on the cloud, writing a blog, creating a LinkedIn persona, tweeting, developing YouTube videos, and sharing information on the Internet.
    Prerequisite:      or   
    Spring
  
  •  

    BUS 3280 - Human Resources Management and Applications

    3 cr
    This course focuses on the growing importance of human resource management for supervisors and managers employed in a variety of fields. The course includes an introduction to the basics of human resource management, such as interviewing, legal issues, compensation, discipline, and diversity. Contemporary issues and topics in the field are used to give students the skills and techniques necessary to manage in today's complex business environment. Finally, a case study approach enables students to understand fully these complexities using real-world cases within the field of Human Resource Management.
    Prerequisite: BUS 2020 
    Spring
  
  •  

    BUS 3290 - Sports Marketing

    3 cr
    The course examines the marketing of sports activities, organizations, and paraphernalia. Topics covered include careers in sports marketing, product concepts, promotion, broadcast rights, and sponsorship programs. This course is recommended for anyone interested in pursuing a career in marketing, sports information or sports administration.
    Prerequisite: BUS 2230  
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BUS 3320 - Applied Principles of Finance

    3 cr
    Financial principles introduced in BUS 3320 are applied to business problems and situations. Use of decision-making as it applies to structuring the organization, working capital analysis, financial analysis, capital acquisition and other appropriate topics. Case method is used wherein student is the financial manager.
    Prerequisite: BUS 3230 .
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BUS 3380 - Hospitality Management

    3 cr
    This course introduces students to the exciting and diverse hospitality industry. While providing an understanding of the scope and complexity of this service industry, the course applies general principles of management and marketing—and career opportunities—within hotels, restaurants, clubs, beverage operations, theme venues, entertainment centers, and other travel and tourism businesses.
    Prerequisite: BUS 2020 , BUS 2230 .
    Periodically
  
  •  

    BUS 3810 - Internship

    1-12 cr
    Students must meet with their Accounting, Business, or Computer Information Systems advisor to initiate the internship process.  The Business Administration internship contract will be started at the initial meeting and completed through subsequent meetings with the advisor.  In addition, students must register for the internship prior to starting the internship; and a signed internship contract is required for registration. Open to Juniors only.
    Signed contract required at time of registration.
  
  •  

    BUS 3900 - Independent Study

    1-3 cr
    Hours by arrangement.
    Signed contract required at time of registration.
    Prerequisite: Consent of department chair.
  
  •  

    BUS 3910 - Independent Foreign Study

    Credits to be arranged.
    Registration by permission of department chair only.
    Signed contract required at time of registration.
  
  •  

    BUS 4030 - Marketing Research

    3 cr
    An overview of the process of assembling information to make better marketing decisions. Topics include measurement principles, research designs, sampling techniques, data collection and analysis.
    Prerequisite: BUS 2230 , and either BUS 2550  or MAT 2021  and MAT 2022 .
    Fall
 

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